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(January 13, 2012 - Insidermedicine)

From Virginia - Scientists may have developed a blood test for early atherosclerosis, according to a report published in BMC Medical Genomics. Researchers collected blood samples from patients at high risk for atherosclerosis and from healthy controls, examining the samples for a set of 56 biomarkers believed to indicate early atherosclerosis. Results showed that the test was very accurate in identifying which individuals were at high risk.

From Michigan - Research published in the New England Journal of Medicine identifies a gene mutation associated with hereditary prostate cancer. Studying over 5100 prostate cancer patients and 1400 controls, researchers found that individuals who inherited the HOXB13 genetic mutation had up to 20x increased risk of developing prostate cancer.

And finally, from India - Increased fibre in the diet reduces risk of several diseases, according to a report published in the International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health. Results of a meta-analysis found that adequate consumption of dietary fibre greatly improves gastrointestinal health, reducing risk of diseases such as diverticular disease, heart disease and colon cancer.